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Battle of New Orleans

January 8, 2015

On January 8, 1815, Gen. Andrew Jackson led American troops to victory in a British attack on New Orleans.  The battle, the last major battle in the War of 1812, was fought after peace was declared with the signing of the Treaty of Ghent between the United States and Great Britain on December 24, 1814.  It was ratified by the United States Senate on February 18, 1815.  The treaty restored each country to its position prior to the outbreak of war:  it restored conquered territory, reestablish boundaries, and returned prisoners.  The treaty did not specifically prohibit impressment, but the British Navy’s need for sailors decreased significantly with the defeat of Napoleon in 1814.

The United States declared war on Great Britain in June  1812 over the impressment of unwilling U.S. citizens into the British navy, the economic blockade of France and the neutrality of United States vessels and British support of hostile tribes of Native Americans along the Mississippi.

The Treaty of Ghent was not the first treaty to settle a dispute for the young nation.  For example, the Barbary Treaty of Peace and Friendship was signed in 1796 and ratified in 1797 to end state-sponsored piracy by the Bey of Tripoli along the northern coast of Africa.

For more on the War of 1812 and the treaty, see:

Louis Fisher.  Presidential War Powers.

William Milligan Sloane.  The Treaty of Ghent:  An Address Delivered to the New York Historical Society on Its One Hundred and Tenth Anniversary (Nov. 17, 1914).

 

 

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